Pakistan Independence Day – August 14

Eriks Draiska
Published on August 11, 2016

Pakistan Independence Day – August 14

Independence Day in Pakistan – August 14

پلازہ ریئل اسٹیٹ کی طرف سے مبارک ہو پاکستان کے یوم آزادی

Pakistan Independence Day  is annually celebrated on August 14, a day before it became officially independent from the British rule on that date in 1947. This day is an occasion to promote patriotism and national unity.

Many people dress in or use the colours green and white, which are Pakistan’s official colours, during Pakistan’s Independence Day. Many people dress in or use green and white, which are Pakistan’s official colours, during Pakistan’s Independence Day.

What Do People Do?

Pakistan Independence Day August 14 Pic 4

People all over Pakistan celebrate Independence Day with patriotic zest. Many people who attend the Pakistan Independence Day parades dress up in green and white, which are the Pakistani flag’s colours. People visit national monuments and places of national significance to celebrate Independence Day. This is also a time to meet relatives, exchange gifts and visit recreational spots.

Pakistan’s national flag is hoisted on public, private buildings, residences and monuments at dawn. Official buildings, including Parliament House, are decorated and colourfully lit. The prime minister and president address and congratulate the nation and talk about the day’s significance. Streets and houses are decorated with candles, oil lamps and pennants. Firework shows are put together on the eve of Independence Day.

Pakistan’s Independence Day also pays homage to people who devoted their lives for Pakistan’s freedom movement and made sacrifices to attain Pakistan’s independence. A change of guard takes place at national monuments, including the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal, who was a poet, philosopher, and politician, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who is considered by many as Pakistan’s founder and Quaid-i-Azam (supreme leader).

Events held during the day include special theatre shows, national song competitions, concerts, and Independence Day pageants. Radio and television stations broadcast national songs and specially prepared Independence Day programs.

Public Life

Independence Day is an official holiday in Pakistan on August 14. All governmental, non-governmental offices, organizations, educational institutions, post offices, and major markets are closed.

Public transport remains unavailable on all major routes. Traffic congestion is common due to Independence Day parades.

Background

The Indo-Pak subcontinent remained a British colony from 1849–1947. The subcontinent’s inhabitants did not approve of the British rule in united India. An uprising that occurred in 1857 eventually formed the shape of a freedom movement, which exemplifies the efforts of the people of British India in gaining their independence.

Muslims ruled the subcontinent before the British incursion and suffered due to the 1857 uprising against the British East India Company. Leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Syed Ameer Ali worked diligently for the Muslim people’s political advancement.

The Indian National Congress was formed in 1885, which later on became British India’s largest political party. Major Muslim political leaders, including Muhammad Ali Jinnah, were members of the Indian National Congress and worked towards Hindu-Muslim unity and India’s independence.

The All India Muslim League was founded on December 30, 1906. There was growing demand for an independent Muslim state in India. In 1930 Muhammad Iqbal presented the idea of a separate Muslim state that would geographically consist of the Muslim majority areas in the subcontinent. The word Pakistan is a conjunction of two words Pak meaning Pure and Stan meaning Land, a name coined by Choudhary Rahmat Ali.

Strong Hindu nationalism gave birth to the Two Nation Theory, an ideology that is accredited as being the basis for Pakistan’s creation. In 1940 the Pakistan Resolution was passed in Lahore demanding greater Muslim autonomy in British India.

After World War II, it was expected that the British colonies would soon disintegrate. The Pakistan Movement, spearheaded by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, resulted in creating a Muslim state. Pakistan gained independence from the British rule on August 14, 1947. At its birth, Pakistan had two parts commonly referred to as East and West Pakistan. In 1971 East Pakistan parted from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh.

Symbols

Green and white are Pakistan’s official colours. White represents peace while green symbolizes prosperity and good fortune.

Pakistan Independence Day August 14 Pic 3

How is the Independence Day celebrated in Pakistan?

Independence Day is an occasion for the people of Pakistan to indulge their patriotic spirit, to sing national songs, and dress in the colours of the national flag. The flag of the country is proudly unfurled atop private and public buildings including the national parliament. The parliament house is also colourfully lit up. A ceremonial change of guards takes place at national monuments. These include the mausoleums of national leaders such as Muhammad Iqbal, a poet, and philosopher, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

One of the highlights of this day is the celebrations at Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore – the place where the national leaders pledged to fight for an independent nation of Pakistan. The pledge to establish an Islamic republic as a sovereign nation, separate from India was made on March 23, 1940; and thus Minar-e-Pakistan is fully lit on this day. Presidential address, concerts, theatre shows, and national songs competitions are some of the other events held to mark the celebrations.

Why is Pakistan Independence Day significant in history of Pakistan? 

The regions which now form the Islamic Republic of Pakistan were historically part of India. The idea of creating an independent Pakistan took shape following the events that occurred during the British rule. The political history of Pakistan began with the formation of the All India Muslim League in 1906. The League was a political party which was formed to protect the interests of the Muslims in India. Soon the league started to advocate the establishment of a Muslim nation, to ensure that the Muslims were not neglected in case the British allow self-governance. In 1940s Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, championed the Two Nation Theory, which demanded that the colony of British India be divide into two countries based on religious demographics. Eventually, the nation of Pakistan was born with two united wings East and West Pakistan on August 14, 1947. East Pakistan, seceded from Pakistan in 1971 following a civil war, and became present day Bangladesh.

What the flag of Pakistan represent?

Pakistan Independence Day August 14 Pic 2

The flag of Pakistan was adopted on August 11, 1947. It was approved in the meeting of the Constituent Assembly which also functioned as the country’s first parliament. The flag continued to be used by the present-day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is inspired by the flag of All India Muslim League, and it is the creation of a designer named, Amiruddin Kidwa.

The Pakistani national flag features a green backdrop with a vertical white strip on the hoist side, and a crescent white moon with a five-side pointed star. The green field represents the Muslim majority of the country, while the white strip on the hoist side symbolizes the religious minorities, and the virtues of peace and integrity. The crescent moon and star are the symbol of progressive essence of Islam.

The national flag of country is referred to as Parcham-e-Sitara-o-Hilal in the national anthem, which means the “Flag of crescent moon and star.” The flag is hoisted on many special days including the Republic Day, Independence Day, and every year on March 23 when the government calls for a display of flag at full mast in recognition of the Lahore Resolution of 1940 and the Declaration of Republic of Pakistan in 1956.

Who wrote the national anthem of Pakistan? 

Qaumi Tarana, also known as Pak Sarzamin, is the national anthem of Pakistan. It literary means “national anthem,” and was composed in 1952 by Hafeez Jullundhri. The anthem was set to tune by Ahmad G. Chagla, who composed it in 1950, two years before the lyric were written.

A great time to share in the celebration with fellow Pakistani friends in Australia. Book your favourite restaurant or invite us over, we love sharing food and company with great people.

Happy Pakistan Independence Day from Plaza Real Estate.

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